Biography

Nicolas Schöffer

Nicolas Schöffer in his studio, Paris, France

Nicolas Shöffer was born in Kalocsa, Hungary on September 6, 1912.  

Shöffer is considered the founder of cybernetic art. He was a bridge-builder between art and cybernetics. 

His sculpture CYSP 1 (1956) is considered the first cybernetic sculpture in art history. During his aesthetic production, he used concepts of computer theory to explore the complex relationships between systems and structures of his work. The variety of his sculptural work is comparable to the diversity of materials with which he worked; Shöffer's intention was for his sculptures to use the polyphony of elements to provoke different reactions in his sculpture: light, movement and sound.

His work is part of important public collections such as: Royal Museums of Fine Arts, Brussels, Belgium; Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York, USA; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA; National Center of Art and Culture Georges Pompidou, Paris, France; Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel; Museum of Contemporary Art, Caracas, Venezuela.

Nicolas Shöffer died in Paris on January 8, 1992.