Nicolas Schöffer

Nicolas Schöffer in his studio, Paris, France

Nicolas Shöffer was born in Kalocsa, Hungary on September 6, 1912.  

Shöffer is considered the founder of cybernetic art. He was a bridge-builder between art and cybernetics. 

His sculpture CYSP 1 (1956) is considered the first cybernetic sculpture in art history. During his aesthetic production, he used concepts of computer theory to explore the complex relationships between systems and structures of his work. The variety of his sculptural work is comparable to the diversity of materials with which he worked; Shöffer's intention was for his sculptures to use the polyphony of elements to provoke different reactions in his sculpture: light, movement and sound.

His work is part of important public collections such as: Royal Museums of Fine Arts, Brussels, Belgium; Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York, USA; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA; National Center of Art and Culture Georges Pompidou, Paris, France; Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel; Museum of Contemporary Art, Caracas, Venezuela.

Nicolas Shöffer died in Paris on January 8, 1992.


Nicolas Schöffer



The 1st self-governed (autonomous) cybernetic sculpture: Cysp 1.


Documenta II, Kassel, Allemagne, 


Variations Luminodynamiques 1 » First clip for television in history 


“Tour Spatiodynamique et Cybernetique de Liege” (52 m high - 66 revolving mirrors - 120 colored projectors - photoelectric cells and microphones), together with a 1500 m2 animated colored performance on the facade of the Palace of Congress, reflected by the Meuse River, with music by Henri Pousseur, Liege, Belgium, / Patrimony of the Wallonia (Belgium)

Retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Decorative Arts, Pavillon de Marsan (Louvre Museum)


Grand Price for Sculpture’ Venice Biennial, Venice, Italy


Cybernetic Serendipity, Gordon Pask's Colloquy at ICA's, London, UK


KYLDEX 1 Spectacle Cybernétique Expérimental : Opéra de Hambourg, with Pierre Henry (musique) - Solo Show in the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France, 1974


Nicolas Schöffer, ballets de Lumiéres », Fundation EDF – Espace Electra. Paris 

 “Nicolas Schöffer, pioneiro da Arte Cybernetica”, CIS Sao Paolo, Brasil.

Nicolas Schöffer retrospective, Kunsthalle, Budapest, Hungary.

KYLDEX 1(Documentation) , Nicolas Schöffer Museo de Arte Contemporaneo Caracas

1,000 m2 of Desire Architecture and sexuality, CCC Barcelona


Variations “ Media Art Fair”, (L'Origine du monde numérique), Cite des arts, Paris. Nov 2017 -Rétro-prospective Musée d’Art Moderne, d’Art Contemporain et d’Art Brut ( LAM) Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
Artistes et Robots, Grand Palais 



Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium: Home

United States 

MOMA, New York 

Guggenheim, New York 


Centro Nacional de Arte y Cultura Georges Pompidou, París 


Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv 


Museo de arte contemporáneo de Caracas, Caracas